Europe Champions league
In 1991, UEFA asked its commercial partner, Television Event and Media Marketing (TEAM), to help "score" Uefa Champions league. The result was the anthem, the "colors of the house" in black and white or silver, a logo and the "starball". The starball was created by Design Bridge, a London-based company selected by TEAM after a competition. TEAM pays particular attention to details in the description of colors and starball at matches. According to TEAM, "whether you are a spectator in Moscow or Milan,Italy football, you will always see the same material for the stadium dressing, the same opening ceremony featuring the ceremony of the center" starball "and the same hymn of the League UEFA champions ". According to the research he conducted, TEAM concluded that in 1999, "the starball logo achieved a 94% recognition rate among fans".
The UEFA Champions League begins with a double-round group stage of 32 teams, which since the 2009-2010 season has been preceded by two qualifying "channels" for teams that do not have direct access to the tournament itself. . The two groups are divided between teams qualified as league champions and teams qualified by virtue of their ranking between 2nd and 4th place of the national championship.
The number of teams that each association enters into the UEFA Champions league is based on UEFA member associations' coefficients. These coefficients are generated by the results of clubs representing each association in the previous five seasons of the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Champions League. The higher the coefficient of an association, the more teams represent the association in the Champions League, and the fewer the number of qualifying rounds in which the teams of the association must participate is competitive.
Four of the six remaining qualifying places are awarded to the winners of a six-round qualifying tournament between the remaining 43 or 44 national champions, in which the association champions with higher coefficients are excluded from subsequent rounds. The other two are awarded to the winners of a three-round qualifying tournament involving the 11 clubs of associations ranked 5 to 15, who have qualified after finishing second or third in their respective national leagues.
In addition to the sporting criteria, every club must have a license from its national association to participate in the Champions League. To obtain a license, the club must meet certain stadium, infrastructure and funding requirements.
In 2005-2006, Liverpool and Artmedia Bratislava were the first teams to reach the group stage of the Champions League after playing in the three qualifying rounds. During the 2008-09 season, BATE Borisov and Anorthosis Famagusta achieved the same feat. Real Madrid holds the record for the most consecutive matches in the group stage, having qualified 22 times in a row (1997 to date). They are followed by Arsenal on 19 (1998-2016) and Manchester United on 18 (1996-2013).
Between 1999 and 2008, no distinction was made between champions and non-champions in qualifying. The top 16 teams in the top national leagues qualified directly for the tournament group stage. Previously, three preliminary knockout qualifying rounds were held for the remaining teams, each starting with different sets.
An exception to the usual European qualifying system came in 2005, after Liverpool's Champions League victory the previous year, but did not finish in the Premier League qualifiers that season. UEFA has granted a special waiver to Liverpool, England football, for entering the Champions League, giving England five qualifications. UEFA then decided that the defending champions would qualify for the competition the following year, regardless of their league standings. However, for leagues with four players in the Champions League this meant that if the Champions League winner was outside the top four of his national league, he would qualify at the expense of the team ranked fourth in the league. league. Until 2015-2016, no association could have more than four participants in the Champions League. In May 2012, Tottenham Hotspur finished fourth in the 2011-2012 Premier League, two places ahead of Chelsea, but failed to qualify for the 2012-13 Champions League, after Chelsea won the 2012 final. Tottenham was demoted in the 2012-2013 UEFA Europa League.
In May 2013, it was decided that from the 2015-2016 season (and at least for the three-year cycle until the 2017-2018 season), the winners of the UEFA Europa League of the previous season qualify for the UEFA Champions. League, by participating at least in the play-offs and in the group stage if the place reserved for holders of the title of the Champions League has not been used. The previous limit of a maximum of four teams per association has been increased to five, which means that a team ranked fourth in one of the top three associations should be transferred to the Europa League only if the winners of the Champions League and Europa League came from this association and both finished outside the top four of their national league.
The actual tournament begins with a group phase of 32 teams divided into eight groups. The ranking is used for the draw of this stage, while teams from the same country can not be grouped together. Each team meets others in their group home and outside in a format in turn. The football winning team and the finalists in each group then go on to the next round. The third ranked team enters the UEFA Europa League.
For this stage, the winning team of one group plays against the finalists of another group and the teams of the same association can not be drawn against each other. From the quarterfinals, the draw is entirely random, without protection of the association. The tournament uses the away goals rule: if the total score of both matches is tied, the team that has scored the most goals at its opponent's stage is advancing.
The group stage is played from September to December, while the final phase takes place in February. Playoff games are played in a two-legged format with the exception of the final. The final usually takes place in the last two weeks of May or the first days of June, which has been three consecutive years, odd since 2015.
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