Colombia Aquila league
The Categoría Primera A, which is generally referred to as Liga Águila due to the sponsorship of the brewery Bavaria (manufacturer of Águila beer), is a Colombian professional league for football clubs. It is the country's leading football tournament and is at the forefront of the Colombian football league system. The league was ranked 6th in the world by the IFFHS and 2nd in South America in their list of "The Strongest National League in the World 2017".
A total of 20 clubs compete in the regular season of the league. División Mayor del Fútbol Profesional Colombiano, better known as DIMAYOR, runs the league system of promotion and relegation for both Primera A and Primera B leagues. Since its founding in 1948, 14 teams have been crowned Colombian football champions. The most successful club is Atlético Nacional with 16 titles.
Before 1948 there was no professional football league in Colombia. The first clubs were established in Barranquilla and Bogota Barranquilla FC, Polo Club, Escuela Militar and Bartolinos, although it took a while until the game has gained popularity. The Campeonato Nacional of 1918 was the first tournament held between Colombian clubs, followed by the Copa Centenario Batalla de Boyacá. Independiente Medellín, founded on 15 April 1913, is the oldest club to remain a professional club. The first tournament was organized by the Colombian Football Federation and DIMAYOR in 1948. Ten teams have registered for this first tournament (paying the required fee of 1,000 pesos). Two teams from Bogotá, Cali, Manizales and Pereira and one from Barranquilla. 252 players have been registered for this year's tournament, 182 of which were Colombians, 13 Argentine, 8 Peruvian, 5 Uruguayer, 2 Chile, 2 Ecuador, 1 1 Dominican and Spanish.
Shortly after the founding of the League there were disputes between Adefútbol (the Colombian Amateur Football Association) and DIMAYOR (the organizing body of the new national league). DIMAYOR broke away from Adefútbol and announced that it would work independently of FIFA rules and rules. In response, FIFA sanctioned Colombia's football and banned the national team and all its clubs from international competition. This period, which lasted from 1949 to 1954, is known as El Dorado.
In Colombian football, this was not a dark time but a golden age. The Colombian clubs no longer had to pay transfer fees to clubs from other countries and now imported stars from all over South America and Europe. The most aggressive signer of international players was Millonarios, who won championships with stars like Alfredo di Stéfano in a row. Visitor numbers increased and the growing appetite for club competitions led to the founding of Copa Colombia in 1950. This KO competition was held only sporadically in the next 58 years and only in 2008 to an annual tournament. Although the stars returned to their nations when Colombia returned to the international league in 1954, this era was never forgotten.
In 1968, the league followed the pattern emerging in South America and replaced its one-year tournament with two shorter ones. From then on, Colombian clubs participated in two tournaments a year. the Apertura from February to June and the Finalización from July to December, which became independent championships in 2002. Another league restructuring took place in 1991 with the addition of the second and third league. The 2002 edition of the third division was canceled for economic reasons and the promotion of professional groups was discontinued in 2003 until it was finally discontinued in 2010.
The current format of Colombian football has been adopted for the 2015 season. In the top division 20 teams are represented, which participate each year in the tournaments Apertura and Finalización. Both tournaments are conducted according to an identical three-level format.
The first stage will be run on a single round robin basis, with each team playing the other teams once for a total of 19 games. The eight best teams then move into the second round and play four home and away games. The four winners move into the semi-finals, and the winners of the semi-finals meet to determine the championship. The descent into the Primera B category is determined by averaging the scores of the teams in the last three seasons. Each year the bottom two teams are eliminated and replaced by the top two teams of Primera B.
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