The Chelsea Football Club was founded on March 10, 1905 at The Rising Sun pub, now The Butcher's Hook, by businessman Gus Mears in the company of his brother Joseph. Shortly after its foundation, he was chosen to participate in the Football League of England.
The first years of the club saw little success, since the closest thing that was to win a championship of real importance at that time was when he reached the final of the FA Cup in 1915, where Chelsea was defeated by Sheffield Wednesday, in a final score of 3 to 0. After this, Chelsea FC chose to recruit renowned players, which is why he won a great reputation, also began to show a high quality show during the games, although unfortunately it did not cause the desired impact due to the years of war that was going through the old continent.
In 1952, with World War II conflicts over, former Arsenal FC and English Football Team striker Ted Drake was hired as coach of the Blues. From his arrival at the club, Drake proceeded to modernize it, removing the Chelsea Pensioner's shield and improving the club's quarry as well as the team's way of training, although at first they all doubted these changes, the first club championship in the League during the 1954 - 1955 season proved right to the newly incorporated coach. For the following season, UEFA created the first European Champions Cup, presumably Chelsea FC had to participate in that tournament, however due to objections from the Football League and the FA, the club was forced to withdraw from the tournament before it began.
The decade of the 60s saw the birth of young promises that under Tommy Docherty's orders struggled to devote themselves to a tournament throughout the decade, having to endure continuous failures. All the efforts of the team were very well rewarded, because in the 1964 - 1965 season they not only raised a championship final, but three, the First Division, the FA Cup and the Football League Cup, although the performances were really good the team could only raise the League Cup, while in the other two competitions it could only settle for second place. In the following three campaigns, the Blues were eliminated in the semifinals of several important competitions, managing to obtain only a sub-championship, that of the FA Cup.
It was only at the beginning of the 70s that Chelsea managed to take the FA Cup championship for the first time in its history, after beating Leeds United in an exciting final that concluded with a score of 2 goals to 1. year later, the club managed to devote itself in its first European competition, after snatching the European Cup Winners Cup from Real Madrid in another tiebreaker final where it repeated its 2 to 1, this time in Athens. In the late 70s and during the 80s, Chelsea suffered a very turbulent and damaging period, due to an ambitious modernization of the Stamford Bridge that jeopardized the financial stability of the club, since the stars of the team were sold leaving a dismantled squad that could not avoid being relegated to the Second Division.
In 1982, in the midst of a severe financial crisis, Ken Bates bought Chelsea for the incredible sum of a pound sterling, while the Stamford Bridge was sold to real estate developers, which meant that the club may have lost its stadium. Although things improved a bit on the field, the irregularities of the team were still present, this led to a step down from the Third Division during the 1982 - 1983 season.
However, with the arrival of John Neal, a dazzling team could be assembled, captivating their own and strangers, with a minimum outlay. The new squad was vitally important for the club to take home the title of the Second Division in the following campaign. Although for a short period, the team managed to establish itself in the First Division before descending again in 1988, a relapse that barely lasted a campaign, since a year later the club managed to ascend once again, with another title of Second Division in the hands.
After a long and tortuous legal battle, Bates managed to reunite the property of the stadium again, in 1992, after reaching an agreement with his creditors after the real estate developers went bankrupt due to a market crash. The innovative game of Chelsea in the Premier League, England was very unconvincing, although it allowed them to reach the FA Cup final in 1994. It was not until two years later, in 1996, with the arrival of Ruud Gullit as new technical director of the team when the luck of the club changed radically. Gullit added several world-class players to the team, this was, without a doubt, a brilliant formula since the team won its second FA Cup, in 1997, which allowed it to recover its seat as one of the best teams in England football .
Even with the good results, Gullit was replaced by Gianluca Vialli, who took the reins of the team and led her to win the Football League Cup, the European Cup Winners Cup and the European Super Cup in 1998, with the 2000 FA Cup and the UEFA Champions League qualification, Vialli was replaced by another Italian, Claudio Ranieri, who led Chelsea to the FA Cup final in 2002 and the Champions League classification a year later.
In June 2003, Ken Bates sells the club to Russian billionaire Román Abramóvich for the modest sum of 60 million pounds, completing what was then considered the most expensive sale of a club in the history of English football. With the new management, the club invested more than 100 million pounds in hiring new players, which were not very helpful since Ranieri could not get any trophy, which is why he had to be replaced by the Portuguese coach José Mourinho . Under Mourinho, Chelsea became the fifth English team to win a two-time league championship since World War II, in the 2004 - 2005 and 2005 - 2006 seasons, in addition to winning the 2007 FA Cup and two titles of the Football League Cup in 2005 and 2007.
The successes for the Blues came one after another, because although in September 2007 Mourinho was replaced by the Israeli Avram Grant, he led the team to its first Champions League final in 2008, where he had to face Manchester United, after In an incredible game where none gave up until the last minute, the team was defeated in the penalty round which caused Grant's dismissal a few days later, being replaced by the Brazilian Luiz Felipe Scolari, in July of the same year. Scolari's stay at the club was very short, it only lasted 7 months in office before being fired for the team's poor results in the different competitions.
Thus, the coach of the Russian national football team, Guus Hiddink, was appointed interim coach until the end of the 2008 - 2009 season. Things improved relatively since the campaign ended with obtaining the FA Cup after a victory from 2 goals to 1 on Everton FC on May 30, 2009. Two days later, Italian Carlo Ancelotti was hired as the team's new coach. After a relatively good season, Chelsea won the 2009-10 season title by defeating Wigan Athletic 8-0 on May 9, 2010. Then, on May 15, Chelsea won the double, having obtained the FA Cup with a 1-0 victory over Portsmouth FC, thus obtaining its first double between Premier League and FA Cup in its history.However, in the following season, the team could not obtain any championship and Ancelotti was fired on May 22, 2011. A month later, the club appointed as Portuguese coach André Villas-Boas, who had already worked as an assistant to Mourinho during his years in office.
However, the new project did not go as desired and with the team 20 points behind the Premier leader and with a disadvantage in the first round of the Champions League, the decision was made to cease Villas-Boas in March 2012. Despite the bad situation, the blue team traced the flight by accessing the 2011-12 Champions League final after eliminating FC Barcelona and winning its seventh FA Cup (2-1 against Liverpool).
In the Allianz Arena, after winning 4-3 in the penalty shootout for the German team Bayern München. After an adverse score of 1-0 in the final minutes of the game and with all the odds against it, the Ivorian Didier Drogba manages to score a header by tying the series and causing the match to lengthen. After the thirty minutes of the extension the score remained the same, although Arjen Robben missed a penalty in the 95 'by the Bavarians and both teams played the glory in the penalty shootout that favored Chelsea 4-3, with Drogba transforming the final launch. However, in the 2012 European Super Cup he would be defeated in Monaco against Atlético de Madrid (4-1).
After the renovation of Roberto Di Matteo, Chelsea began the 2012-13 campaign with the Champions in their windows and high expectations, having signed stars like Eden Hazard. The first months of competition were good, but a negative dynamic of results in November 2012 (the team lost the lead in the Premier and had very complicated pass to the Champions League round) caused the dismissal of Di Matteo and the arrival of Rafa Benitez
After losing in the semifinals of the League Cup and the FA Cup, being third in the group stage of the Champions League and losing the final of the Club World Cup, Benitez saved the season by qualifying for the Champions League against Aston Villa thanks to two goals from Frank Lampard, who became the top scorer of the club beating Bobby Tambling; and winning the UEFA Europa League against Benfica 2-1, with goals from Torres and Ivanovic. In doing so, and remaining ten days to the Champions League final, Chelsea became the first team to be the current champion of the two continental titles, the Champions League and the Europa League, also being the first team to get them from consecutively and arriving at the select club (formed until then by Juventus, Ajax Amsterdam and Bayern München) of the winners of the three UEFA titles (adding to the previous European Cup Winners Cup). Moreover, adding the European Super Cup, it was only the third, after Juventus and Ajax.
For the 2013-2014 season, Chelsea hired José Mourinho again, the coach who has given the most success to the blue club. The blue team had an irregular start in the British championship, and lost the European Super Cup against Bayern Munich in the penalty shootout. However, he soon recovered the signs of identity he had shown with the Portuguese coach: competitiveness, intensity, verticality and versatility. In the Premier he settled in the Champions League positions from the seventh day and finished the first round as third classified.
In the 2014-2015 season, the Club wins the Football League Cup and commands the table from day one, becoming Premier League Champion. Conquering both competitions for the fifth time.
Chelsea has only had one stadium, the Stamford Bridge, where the team has played since its founding, which was officially opened on April 28, 1877. During the first 28 years of its existence it was used by the London Athletics Club as a field for their athletic meetings and not for football.
Stamford bridge: Home
In 1904, the stadium was acquired by Gus Mears, along with his brother Joseph, who previously acquired adjacent land with the objective of holding football matches on the 12.5-acre (51,000 m2) terrain.
The Stamford Bridge was designed for the family] Mears by the prominent architect of the football world, Archibald Leitch. The family offered the stadium to Fulham Football Club, but the offer was rejected. As a result, the owners decided to found their own club to occupy their new stadium. Many teams were founded first, and then worried about having a field to play in, but Chelsea was founded for the Stamford Bridge.
As there was already a club called Fulham, the founders decided to adopt the name of the adjacent Chelsea Metropolitan District for the new club, having rejected names such as Kensington Football Club, Stamford Bridge Football Club and London Football Club.
Chelsea has had a total of 31 coaches throughout history and has reached the service of multiple coaches of different nationalities, with the English being the most numerous with a total of fifteen coaches, followed by a total of six Scottish coaches, three Italian coaches, two Portuguese coaches, two Dutch coaches, a Norwegian coach, an Israeli coach and a Brazilian coach.
The first coach of the team was the Scot John Tait Robertson, who was in office from 1905 to 1906, obtaining a very acceptable average effectiveness of 60%. The longest-running coach is David Calderhead, who remained in the position for 26 years, accumulating 966 directed games, of which only 384 won, obtaining a 40% effectiveness percentage. The first coach to give the club his first title was Ted Drake, who in 1955 led Chelsea to get the First Division title. Drake was also the one who initiated the modernization of the equipment after its arrival in 1952.
The first coach to give Chelsea his first international title was Dave Sexton, who led the club to become European Cup Winner in 1971. Another historic coach was John Neal who, in the midst of a strong financial crisis at the club, was able to lift the team, leading to the rise in 1984 and establishing it in the highest category.
When the club began to re-found in 1996, two coaches played an important role during this stage, Ruud Gullit and Gianluca Vialli. Gullit arrived at the club initially as player-coach, making a series of signings, among which were Vialli. Gullit formed a strong team that led the club to become champion of the FA Cup in 1997. After Gullit left in 1998, Vialli took office, also as a player-coach. His arrival soon gave results, since that same year he managed to get three championships, the Football League Cup, the European Cup Winners Cup and the European Super Cup. Two years later, Vialli won the FA Cup and the Charity Shield. Vialli is also the second coach with the most titles in the club's history.
Chelsea's most successful coach is the Portuguese José Mourinho. After his arrival in 2004, the club immediately began to fill his showcase with more trophies, as he won a two-time championship in the 2004-05 and 2005-06 seasons, as well as two Football League Cups, an FA Cup and a Community Shield ; however, he was not able to take the team to the UEFA Champions League final, having been eliminated from the semifinals twice by Liverpool FC (2004-05 and 2006-07).
The only one who has been able to take the club to the Champions League final was the Israeli Avram Grant in 2008, a final where Chelsea was defeated 6-5 by Manchester United in the penalty shootout. With the arrival of Italian Carlo Ancelotti, Chelsea won a Community Shield, as well as his first double between Premier League and FA Cup in his first year under his term. Chelsea's Portuguese coach André Villas-Boas, a man who arrived in circumstances similar to Mourinho's. However, the coach was fired eight months later after not achieving the expected results. The Italian Roberto Di Matteo, was appointed interim coach of Chelsea after his former coach was fired. With Roberto Di Matteo, Chelsea was crowned FA Cup champion and for the first time in its history in the 2012 UEFA Champions League. Di Matteo serves as head coach of the club during the 2012-2013 season. At the end of November, English Chelsea broke the contractual relationship with its coach, Italian Roberto Di Matteo, due to the discreet results of the London team in the UEFA Champions League. Di Matteo was fired and in his replacement came the Spaniard Rafa Benítez, hired only until the end of the season. With Benítez, Chelsea would win the UEFA European League and finish third in the league. For the 2013-14 season, an old acquaintance, José Mourinho, was hired.
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